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TEC2014-0061: Natural Biostimulant/Adjuvant Compositions for Increased Plant Growth/Biomass, Improved Fungicide and Fertilizer Efficacy, Dew Suppression, and Dormancy-Breaking in Cultivated Turfgrasses

Agricultural adjuvants are commonly used in conjunction with pesticides to enhance their efficacy. An adjuvant does not actively fight fungus or pests, but it improves the ability of a fungicide to prevent or cure disease. One popular adjuvant used in turfgrass applications is made of mineral oil, combined with a surfactant, emulsifier and dye. T...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): A. Ronald Detweiler, Joseph Vargas
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agricultural, Agriculture, Chemicals

TEC2013-0007: Use of plants with increased level of highly methylesterified homogalacturonan for improving digestibility of plant biomasses.

Background Production of fuels and value-added chemicals from plant biomass often requires pretreatment of the biomass. Pretreatment increases the capital equipment needs and costs of the final product. Additionally, the use of seeds as a feedstock has been controversial, with some claiming that use of seeds for chemical production is increasing ...

110073: Synthesis and Processing of Cubic LiLaZrO for Use in Lithium Ion Batteries and Fuel Cells

Lithium ion batteries are used in a wide variety of consumer goods such as cell phones, mp3 players, and digital cameras. These products are becoming increasingly smaller, requiring a smaller battery. Although lithium-based batteries provide superior energy densities over other battery types, lithium is high reactive with water. To safeguard a...

110048: Ambiently Dried Aerogel for Thermal Insulation in High-Temperature Applications

Innovators at Michigan State University (MSU) have developed a novel porous silica-based aerogel material and the process for its fabrication. In contrast to the supercritically dried aerogel, a related material, the MSU approach uses gel and liquid extraction. Evaporation of the precursor solvent is performed at room temperature and pressure, prod...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Jeffrey Sakamoto, Ryan Maloney, Travis Thompson
Keywords(s): Aerogel, Insulation, Sol-gel, Thermal Conductivity Category(s): Chemicals, Materials

110036: Reactor for Incompatible Gases

Microorganisms that produce biofuels may be used to produce a wide array of gasoline alternatives. Higher alcohols, like isobutanol, are good candidates for alternative fuels because their energy density and octane value are similar to gasoline. Isobutanol has a high octane rating, is oxygenated, non-hygroscopic, and non-corrosive. The autotrop...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Robert Worden, Yangmu "chloe" Liu
Keywords(s): Gas Reactor, Isobutanol Category(s): Chemicals, Energy

100096: Economical Growth Media for Production of Cellulolytic Enzymes at High Concentrations

Producing biofuels from cellulosic materials, such as corn stalks, wood chips, and other biomass, requires the use of enzymes to degrade the cellulosic biomass into its molecular components. The cost to produce these enzymes is high, a factor contributing to the limited production of cellulosic ethanol. Michigan State University’s invention ...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Ming Woei Lau, Bruce Dale
Keywords(s): Biodiesel, Biomass, Cellulose, Enzymes Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals, Materials

100094: Orchard Insect Control Device

Pheromone traps utilize “bug hormones,” or scents, that stimulate the type of scent produced by the female insect to lure their male counterparts. Males lured into traps are then prevented from mating. These traps assist the grower in determining the mating activity of the insect pest by counting insects trapped over a period of time. This inf...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): James Miller, Larry Gut, Michael Reinke, Peter Mcghee
Keywords(s): Integrated Pest Management, Pests, Pheromone Category(s): Chemicals, Agriculture

100090: Method to Produce Highly Digestible, Pretreated Lignocellulosic Biomass Using Anhydrous Liquid Ammonia

In the continuing push to develop alternative fuels, bioethanol is clearly a viable option. However, if it is to become a truly economical alternative, a more effective and efficient method of processing lignocellulosic biomass must be developed. Michigan State University has developed a novel lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment process th...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Shishir Chundawat, Leonardo Sousa, Albert Cheh, Venkatesh Balan, Bruce Dale
Keywords(s): Ammonia, Biomass, Cellulose, Ethanol, Lignocellulose Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals

100046: Making Dihydroxyacetone (DHA) from Glycerol

Dihydroxyacetone (DHA) is used as an ingredient in sunless tanning products and in the food preparation industry. DHA’s skin coloring effect has also been examined to determine if it may benefit vitiligo patients (an uneven pigmentation of the skin); several DHA-containing products for this condition are now on the market. In recent years, the ...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Dennis Miller, Xi Hong, Carl Lira, Omar Mcgiveron
Keywords(s): DHA, Dihydroxyacetone, Glycerol Fermentation Category(s): Chemicals

090132: Synthesize Highly Reactive Subnano-Sized Zero-Valent Iron using Smectite Clay Templates

Zero-valent iron is a reactive and powerful reducing agent capable of breaking down toxic compounds. More recently, nanoscale ZVI has emerged as a remediation technology used to degrade toxic chemicals. The nanoscale material (10-100 nanometer particle size) is often preferred because it has significantly more surface area than standard ZVI, wh...
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