Search Results - cellulose

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120016: Plants with Readily Extractable Lignin

Lignin, an abundant polymer of vascular plants that provides structural integrity to the plant cell wall, is the second most abundant polymer on earth and critical to the strength and survival of terrestrial plants. Unfortunately, its mechanical strength and resistance to chemical degradation, which is so essential for plant health, are proble...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Curtis Wilkerson, Saunia Withers, John Ralph, John Sedbrook
Keywords(s): Biofuels, Cellulose, Lignin Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology

110100: Control of Cellulose Biosynthesis

Cellulose is a complex carbohydrate that serves as the basic structural component of plant cell walls. It accounts for roughly one-third of all vegetal matter, making it the most common organic compound on earth. Due to its ubiquitous nature, cellulose and its derivatives are key resources for the agriculture, forestry, textile, and paper indu...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): KyunG-Hwan Han, JaE-Heung Ko, WoN-Chan Kim
Keywords(s): Biofuels, Biomass, Cellulose, Cellulosic Biomass, Feedstock Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology

100097: Cloning of a BAHD Acyltransferase That Synthesizes Coniferyl Ferulate

Lignin, an abundant polymer of vascular plants that provides structural integrity and resistance to chemical and enzymatic damage to the plant cell wall, is the second most abundant polymer on earth and critical to the strength and survival of terrestrial plants. Unfortunately, its mechanical strength and resistance to chemical degradation, wh...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Curtis Wilkerson, John Ralph, Saunia Withers
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Cellulose, Lignin Category(s): Biotechnology

100096: Economical Growth Media for Production of Cellulolytic Enzymes at High Concentrations

Producing biofuels from cellulosic materials, such as corn stalks, wood chips, and other biomass, requires the use of enzymes to degrade the cellulosic biomass into its molecular components. The cost to produce these enzymes is high, a factor contributing to the limited production of cellulosic ethanol. Michigan State University’s invention ...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Ming Woei Lau, Bruce Dale
Keywords(s): Biodiesel, Biomass, Cellulose, Enzymes Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals, Materials

100090: Method to Produce Highly Digestible, Pretreated Lignocellulosic Biomass Using Anhydrous Liquid Ammonia

In the continuing push to develop alternative fuels, bioethanol is clearly a viable option. However, if it is to become a truly economical alternative, a more effective and efficient method of processing lignocellulosic biomass must be developed. Michigan State University has developed a novel lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment process th...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Shishir Chundawat, Leonardo Sousa, Albert Cheh, Venkatesh Balan, Bruce Dale
Keywords(s): Ammonia, Biomass, Cellulose, Ethanol, Lignocellulose Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals

100083: Continuous Nano-Hybrid Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Biofuels

Due to its abundant resources, lignocellulosic biomass is a promising candidate for bioethanol production to reduce the dependence of transportation fuels on petroleum and decrease the greenhouse gas emission. Biomass pretreatment is an essential processing step in the enzymatic hydrolysis of biofuels or pulp from lignocellulosic plants. While ...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Ilsoon Lee, Wei Wang, Shaowen Ji
Keywords(s): Biofuels, Biomass, Biomass Ethanol, Cellulose, Ethanol, Lignin Category(s): Biotechnology, Nanotechnology