Search Results - biofuel

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110029: Algae Transcription Factors That Increase Oil Production

In recent years, the interest in alternative fuel has grown rapidly. There are many different alternatives on the market, from corn oil to algae. The largest advantages of algae biofuel are that it is a renewable source of energy and that algae may be grown autotrophically using energy from the sun. Autotrophic growth helps reduce or avoid the...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Christoph Benning
Keywords(s): Algae, Biofuel, Biotechnology, Transcription Category(s): Biotechnology, Energy

100097: Cloning of a BAHD Acyltransferase That Synthesizes Coniferyl Ferulate

Lignin, an abundant polymer of vascular plants that provides structural integrity and resistance to chemical and enzymatic damage to the plant cell wall, is the second most abundant polymer on earth and critical to the strength and survival of terrestrial plants. Unfortunately, its mechanical strength and resistance to chemical degradation, wh...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Curtis Wilkerson, John Ralph, Saunia Withers
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Cellulose, Lignin Category(s): Biotechnology

090131: Utility Promoters for Biomass Feedstock Biotechnology

Genetic optimization of biomass is necessary to improve the rates and final yields of sugar release from woody biomass. Areas that would benefit from genetic optimization include growth rate, environmental stress tolerance, yields of easily fermentable polysaccharides, total lignin content, lowering biomass recalcitrance to fermentation, and wo...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Kyung-Hwan Han, Jae-Heung Ko
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Biomass, Ethanol, Feedstock, Lignocellulose Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals, Energy

090108: A Source and Production Method for Acetyl-Triacylglycerols (ac-TAGs)

Background Biodiesel can substitute for conventional petroleum diesel in almost all applications. Oftentimes, use of biodiesel requires engine modification since biodiesel has different solvent properties and often degrades natural rubber. Since use of biodiesel is increasing rapidly, alternative biofuel supplies are needed to accommodate the growi...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Michael Pollard, John Ohlrogge, Timothy Durrett
Keywords(s): Biodiesel, Biofuel, Plant Oils, Transgenic Plants Category(s): Biotechnology, Energy, Agriculture

090106: Sequence and Cloning of Methyl Butenol Synthase

There is a growing economic and environmental need for the development of alternative fuel sources due to concerns of sustainability. An ideal biofuel would be highly renewable, efficient as a fuel, inexpensive, and easy to produce in high volume. A problem with many biofuels, including ethanol, is that they can only be produced in certain loca...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Dennis Gray, Thomas Sharkey, Eric Singsaas
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Chemical Feedstock, Cyanobacteria, Isoprene, Methyl Butenol, Rubber, Terpene Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals, Energy

090068: Lignocellulosic Biomass Pretreatment Using Gaseous Ammonia

To achieve high yields of glucose and other products for use in biofuels and bio-based chemicals, lignocellulose must first be pretreated. The goal of pretreatment is to decrease the crystallinity of cellulose, increase the biomass surface area, remove hemicellulose, and break the lignin seal. Current pretreatments use liquid ammonia, dilute a...

090067: High Starch in Plant Leaves at Senescence

Currently, there is a great interest in using plant biomass, instead of grain, to produce ethanol. Starch can easily be used to make ethanol and would improve ethanol production from cellulose. In most plants, though, starch accumulated during the day is usually broken down each night, resulting in very little starch accumulation in the leaves....
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Thomas Sharkey, Sean Weise
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Ethanol, Maize, Transgenic Crops Category(s): Biotechnology, Agriculture

090052: Method to Improve Binding Properties of Cellulosic Biomass

Cellulosic biomass is not dense enough to be transported economically over long distances. The treated biomass must be compressed to increase its density. However, when compressed, the biomass tends not to bind sufficiently. Additionally, current additives used to increase binding characteristics of the biomass are expensive. Michigan State ...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Bruce Dale, Bryan Ritchie, Derek Marshall
Keywords(s): Biofuel, Biomass Pretreatment, Cellulosic Biomass, Lignocellulose Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals, Energy, Agriculture

090022: Production of Oil in Vegetative Tissues

Production of alternative fuels such as biodiesel is on the rise around the world and in the U.S. due to a strong and growing desire to reduce dependency on petroleum-derived diesel fuel. The acceptance of biodiesel has been slowed due to its higher cost relative to petroleum-derived diesel. The higher cost of biodiesel is directly related to the c...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Christoph Benning, Changcheng Xu, Binbin Lu, Jinpeng Gao
Keywords(s): Biodiesel, Biofuel, Oil Crops, Transgenic Crops Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology, Energy

080056: Diacylglycerol Acyltransferases Involved in Oil Biosynthesis in Microalgae

The need for the development of biomass-based domestic production systems for high energy liquid transportation fuels is widely recognized. Concerns related to environmental impact and the price of oil combined with political issues related to dependence on foreign oil have increased interest in alternative biofuels. Currently, transportation ...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Christoph Benning, Rachel Miller, Eric Moellering
Keywords(s): Algae, Biodiesel, Biofuel Category(s): Biotechnology, Chemicals, Energy
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