Search Results - Biotechnology

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TEC2013-0040: Method to Increase Calorific Content and Enhanced Nutritional Value of Plant Biomass for the Production of Fuel and Feed

Background Production of alternative fuels such as biodiesel is on the rise around the world and in the U.S. due to a strong and growing desire to reduce dependency on petroleum-derived diesel fuel. The acceptance of biodiesel has been slowed due to its higher cost relative to petroleum-derived diesel. The higher cost of biodiesel is directly relat...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Christoph Benning, Sanjaya Sanjaya, Rachel Miller
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology, Energy

TEC2013-0007: Use of plants with increased level of highly methylesterified homogalacturonan for improving digestibility of plant biomasses.

Background Production of fuels and value-added chemicals from plant biomass often requires pretreatment of the biomass. Pretreatment increases the capital equipment needs and costs of the final product. Additionally, the use of seeds as a feedstock has been controversial, with some claiming that use of seeds for chemical production is increasing ...

A Blueberry-derived FT-like (FLOWERING LOCUS T) Gene

Background The United States is the world’s largest producer of blueberries, a crop valued at $863.9 million in 2011. Demand for blueberries has continued to grow as a result of their well-marketed health benefits. Two principle types of the crop are grown for human consumption: lowbush and highbush. Highbush blueberries, able to grow and flo...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Guo-Qing Song, Aaron Walworth
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology

Field-operable nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based biosensor with embedded temperature control

Innovators at Michigan State University developed a portable Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)-based biosensor that utilizes magnetic nanoparticles as a biomarker for label-free isolation and detection of target bio-materials from complex sample matrices. The NMR-based biosensor operates at 0.47 Tesla, utilizing an embedded magnet and electrically-a...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Evangelyn Alocilja, Yilun Luo
Keywords(s):   Category(s): Medical, Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, Devices, Test and Measurement

120016: Plants with Readily Extractable Lignin

Lignin, an abundant polymer of vascular plants that provides structural integrity to the plant cell wall, is the second most abundant polymer on earth and critical to the strength and survival of terrestrial plants. Unfortunately, its mechanical strength and resistance to chemical degradation, which is so essential for plant health, are proble...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Curtis Wilkerson, Saunia Withers, John Ralph, John Sedbrook
Keywords(s): Biofuels, Cellulose, Lignin Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology

110100: Control of Cellulose Biosynthesis

Cellulose is a complex carbohydrate that serves as the basic structural component of plant cell walls. It accounts for roughly one-third of all vegetal matter, making it the most common organic compound on earth. Due to its ubiquitous nature, cellulose and its derivatives are key resources for the agriculture, forestry, textile, and paper indu...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Kyung-Hwan Han, Jae-Heung Ko, Won-Chan Kim
Keywords(s): Biofuels, Biomass, Cellulose, Cellulosic Biomass, Feedstock Category(s): Agriculture, Biotechnology

110050: A Novel Enzyme That Synthesizes Sesquiterpenes to Provide Insect Resistance in Plants

Zingiberene is a sesquiterpene produced by many plant species including ginger, turmeric, cultivated tomato, and its wild relatives. It is synthesized at particularly high levels in the trichomes of certain accessions of the wild tomato species Solanum habrochaites and is a potent insect repellent. The identification of a gene from S. habrochai...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Cornelius Barry, Eliana Gonzales-Vigil
Keywords(s): Insect Resistance, Terpene, Transgenic Crops Category(s): Biotechnology, Agriculture

110029: Algae Transcription Factors That Increase Oil Production

In recent years, the interest in alternative fuel has grown rapidly. There are many different alternatives on the market, from corn oil to algae. The largest advantages of algae biofuel are that it is a renewable source of energy and that algae may be grown autotrophically using energy from the sun. Autotrophic growth helps reduce or avoid the...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Christoph Benning
Keywords(s): Algae, Biofuel, Biotechnology, Transcription Category(s): Biotechnology, Energy

110028: Anti-Biofilm Compound 1 (ABC-1) and Associated Derivative Molecules

Bacteria commonly attach to living and nonliving surfaces in the form of biofilms. In this morphology, the bacteria synthesize a matrix of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) that provide the biofilm with protection and structural support. The EPS also gives the biofilm resistance to antibiotics and immune system clearance, making biofilm...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Christopher Waters, Karthik Sambanthamoorthy, Matthew Neiditch, Martin Semmelhack
Keywords(s): Biofilm, Film, Pathogen Category(s): Biotechnology

110022: Method to Target and Isolate Mutants of Gram-Positive Bacteria

This technology is a method to modify the genetics of probiotic bacteria. The invention facilitates isolation of mutants of gram-positive bacteria without the use of antibiotics. It can be used as part of the process to generate targeted mutations in probiotic bacteria, which may in turn benefit human health. Current methods used to engineer p...
Published: 7/21/2014   |   Inventor(s): Robert Britton, Jan-Peter van Pijkeren
Keywords(s): Bacterial Strains, Dietary Supplements, Gene Expression, Probiotics, Yogurts Category(s): Biotechnology
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